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Course Contents

1. INTRODUCTION: ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY: Definition. Cell, tissue, organ system. 2. STRUCTURE OF CELL: Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm, Organelles, Nucleus, Cell cycle. 3. TISSUES OF BODY: Types of tissues with examples; a. Epithelial Tissue: General characters, classification. b. Connective Tissue: Structure and types of Connective tissue and Cartilage. c. Bones: Structure and types of bones and joints. d. Muscles: Structure of skeletal muscle, smooth muscle and cardiac muscle. 4. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM: a. Skin Structure: (Epidermis, dermis). b. Glands of Skin: (Sweat, Sebaceous). c. Hair: Structure, function. d. Nail: Structure, function. 5. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: a. Heart: Structure of Heart, Location of Heart, Blood Supply to Heart. b. Blood Vessels: Main blood vessels arising & entering the heart. Types of blood vessels with examples. 6. ALIMENTARY SYSTEM: Name and structure of different parts of alimentary system and their inter-relationship. 7. URINARY SYSTEM: Name and structure of organs of urinary system and their inter-relationship. 8. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM: Male and Female reproductive systems. Name, structure and association of the organs. 9. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: a. Pituitary gland: Structure and relation to hypothalamus. b. Thyroid gland: Structure. c. Adrenal gland: Structure. 10. NERVOUS SYSTEM: Introduction: Cells of Nervous System (Neuron), Accessory cells of N.S. and Organization of N.S. (a) Brain; Meninges (Cerebrum cerebral Lobes. Ventricles, Cerebellum Anatomy of Cerebellum, Brain Stem Mid-Brain. Pons. Medulla Oblongata, Diencephalon. Thalamus Hypothalamus and Cranial Nerves). (b) Spinal Cord Meninges (C.S.F. Internal Structure, Sensory and Motor Pathway, Spinal Reflexes, Peripheral spinal Nerves, Autonomic Nervous System includes Sympathetic N.S. and Parasympathetic Nervous System). 11. HISTOLOGY (Theory): (a) Underlying principles of histological techniques and staining specific tissues should be explained. (b) Staining of paraffin and frozen sections will be given to the students. (c) Most of the teaching should be done on stained and mounted sections and every type of normal tissue will be covered.

Course Synopsis

After the completion of this course the students should be able to understand the basic structure of various organs of our body not only at gross level but also at tissues or cell level

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Book Title : Principles of anatomy and physiology
Author : Tortora GJ, Derrickson B.
Edition : 13th
Publisher : Wiley

Title : Thyroid gland
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Title : pituitary gland
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Title : endocrine system
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Title : urinary system
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Title : alimentary system
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Title : cardiovascular system
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