Related Links
Ref Books

Course Contents

COURSE CONTENTS 1. The nature and role of research: Research and information, Conceptual foundations of research, Ethics of research, Research problems; hypothesis and objectives, Finding a problem to investigate, Primary and secondary data source; literature review. 2. Data collection: Principles and methods; research methods in natural sciences, Sampling concepts and statistics, Sampling and survey designs and questionnaires, Using case studies, Choosing appropriate research approaches and methods. 3. Qualitative and quantitative methods of inquiry: i. Quantitative method: Revision of statistical methods, Probability, Distribution, Samples,Variables, Hypothesis formation and testing, Research design and control of error, Questionnaire design. ii. Qualitative method: Ethnographic research, Unstructured interview, Action research, Case studies, Historical research. iii. Survey method: Attitude surveys, structured interview and questionnaire survey. 4. Data analysis: Quantitative and qualitative data analysis; processing the data, Data storage and manipulation. 5. Statistical methods and analysis: Chi-square, Correlation, Simple regression, Analysis of variance, t-test, Reliability and validity, Use of statistical software packages for the computer i.e., WINDOWS, SPSS and GENSTAT. 6. Presenting research: The qualitative and quantitative research report writing, interpreting the results, reporting the findings of the survey, the presentation and format of the report and thesis on a special topic. 7. Assignments: Written protocol for a survey or experiment on current environmental issues.

Course Synopsis

The course will provide an understanding of the techniques and concepts of the qualitative and quantitative research and will Illustrate stages and techniques of formulating research questions, designing different experiments, studies and surveys to collect data according to the nature of the research and resources available.

Course Learning Outcomes

The course aims to: 1. Revise the statistical methods of data collection and analysis. 2. Explain analysis techniques to summarize and organize data into meaningful form. 3. Provide an introduction to data analysis using statistical software packages for the computer i.e. WINDOWS and SPSS. 4. Explain the principles and methods of report, thesis writing and data presentation.

Research methods

View Now

Qualitative Vs Quantitative Research: Difference between them with examples & methods

View Now

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

View Now

Book Title : Introduction to Research Methods
Author : R. B. Burns
Edition : 4th Edition
Publisher : SAGE Publications Ltd. UK.
View Now

Book Title : Hand Book of Interview Research: Context and Method.
Author : Gubrium, J. F. and Holstein, J. A.
Edition : 2002
Publisher : SAGE Publications Ltd. UK.
View Now

Book Title : Practical Research: Planning and Design.
Author : Leedy, P. D.
Edition : 1985
Publisher : MacMillan Company Ltd. USA.
View Now

Title : Review of literature
Type : Presentation

View Review of literature

Title : Basic+vs+Applied+Research
Type : Presentation

View Basic+vs+Applied+Research

Title : Descriptive Statistics
Type : Presentation

View Descriptive Statistics

Title : Data Collection
Type : Presentation

View Data Collection

Title : Qualitative methods (Ethnographic, historical, Case study,Action Research)
Type : Presentation

View Qualitative methods (Ethnographic, historical, Case study,Action Research)

Title : Variables, Hypothesis, Data analysis and Quantitative methods
Type : Presentation

View Variables, Hypothesis, Data analysis and Quantitative methods

Title : Research methods in Natural Sciences
Type : Presentation

View Research methods in Natural Sciences

Title : Research process
Type : Presentation

View Research process

Title : Research problems
Type : Presentation

View Research problems