I Introduction to research approaches; basic versus applied research: bibliography and literature review
II Research paradigms in geography
III Types of research
i Historical research,
ii Qualitative/descriptive research
iii Research design
iv Research topic, formulation and statement of a problem
v Research questions, research hypotheses, research objectives, research plan
IV Data collection, universe and sampling:
i Primary and secondary data
ii Sources of data, selection of a sample and measuring instruments
iii Basic considerations in sampling, size of sample, geo-statistical considerations.
iv Sampling units and design; points, traverses, random sampling, stratified sampling, systematic sampling.
V Data analysis and interpretation
i Pre-analysis consideration
ii Preparing data for analysis
iii Use of the descriptive statistics and quantitative methods.
VI Research report writing, bibliography and references.
To enable students to conduct research independently including literature review/search and collection of data, its analysis, interpretation and presentation.
Course Learning Outcomes
By the end of this course, the student will:
• Understand a general definition of research design
• Able to identify the overall process of designing a research study from its inception to its report
• Know the primary characteristics of quantitative research and qualitative research
• able to identify a research problem stated in a study
Data analysis and interpretation
Book Title : Research Methods in Geography: A Critical Introduction
Author : Basil Gomez (Editor), John Paul Jones III (Editor)
Edition : 1st
Publisher : Wiley
Book Title : An Introduction to Scientific Research Methods in Geography and Environmental Studies
Author : Daniel Montello , Paul Sutton
Edition : 2nd
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Book Title : Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications
Author : Lorraine R. Gay , Geoffrey E. Mills, Peter W. Airasian
Edition : 10th
Publisher : Pearson