I. Development of geographical thought upto the classical period
i. Pre-classical period: a general survey of the geographical work of Greeks and Romans
ii. Muslim contributions
iii. European contributions
iv. Humboldt and Ritter era
v. Ideas of Ratzel and Vidal de la Blache and their influence on European and American geographic thought.
II. Development of Scientific Geography
i. Scientific Geographic approach as suggested by W. M. Davis, E. C. Semple, H.H. Barrows and Carl O. Sauer
ii. Establishment of Geographic paradigms, concepts, ideas, theories and laws and methodology.\
iii. The development and use of quantitative techniques
iv. System analysis in geography
III Modern Concepts and Traditions in Geography
i The Earth Science Tradition in Geography
a Environmental contrasts
b Environmental risks and uncertainties
ii The Culture Tradition in Geography
a Location and Spatial organization
b Time and Spatial diffusion
c Spatial diffusion toward regional convergence
iii The Area Analysis Tradition in Geography
a Territories and boundaries
b Rich and poor countries
c Inequalities within the countries: welfare issue in regional planning
IV New Directions in Geography
i Geography and planning
ii Computers in Geography
b Remote Sensing
Writing of assignments and drawing of maps relating to geographical thought and seminar presentation.
This course is designed to conceptualise geographical thoughts and concepts developed in the past. To develop the concept of unity and diversity and the scope of geographical education
Course Learning Outcomes
By the end of this course, the student will:
• Have knowledge of how geographers at various times have understood the relation between geographical thought and practice.
• Understand how geographical development has been related to and informed by larger societal and scientific processes, the importance of quantitative techniques.
• Changing patterns of the earth by the influence of natural hazards.
• Cultural and spatial diffusion among world major zones, boundaries and countries.
Alexander Von Humboldt
Contribution of Carl Ritter
Influence of Vidal De La Blache
Influence of Friedrich Ratzel
Organic Theory (Fredrich Ratzel)
Contribution of Vidal De La Blache
Paradigms in Geography
Quantitative Revolution in Geography
System Analysis in Geography
Traditions in Geography
Territories and Boundaries
Inequalities within the countries (Globalization)
Book Title : Geography: A Modern Synthesis
Author : Hagget, P.
Edition : 3rd edition
Publisher : Harper & Row International, New York
Book Title : All Possible
Author : Geoffrey J. Martin
Edition : 4th
Book Title : Geography A Modern Synthesis
Author : Peter Hagget
Edition : 3rd
Publisher : Harper & Row; Highlighting Edition