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Course Contents

Meaning, scope and status of Human Geography II Man Environment Interaction i. Themes of environmental determinism, possibilism, probabilism & cognitive behaviorism. III Population i. Distribution, density and growth ii. Population change (natural increase and migration) iii. Population structure (age and sex structure). IV Human Settlements i. Types and functions of rural and urban settlements ii. Forms of rural settlements (dispersed, nucleated and ribbon settlements) iii. Rural urban characteristics. V Economic Activity i. Locational characteristics of primary, secondary and tertiary (agriculture, mining, forestry, light and heavy industries, transport and trade & tourism) quaternary & quinary. VI Urbanization ii. Introduction to urban structure and theories iii. Land use and land cover pattern (commercial, industrial and residential, open, green spaces/belts and transport). iv. Process of urbanization (city-size distribution, intermediate and primate city etc.) VII Environmental Problems i. Issues (with special emphasis on Atmospheric pollution), causes and remedies. Field visits To identify the use of natural resources, to study land use and land cover, to study the urban structure, National parks, industrial areas and various rural and urban settlements of Pakistan.

Course Synopsis

This course helps in developing the skills of analytical study of man- environment interaction including natural resources and related human activities

Course Learning Outcomes

By the end of this course, the student will: • Articulate and apply key concepts in human geography. • Analyze and compare the distribution and growth of population globally as well as their settlement patterns. • Develop the skills of analytical study of man- environment interaction including natural resources. • Analyze current human-environment interactions in order to more knowledgeably respond to global climate issues.

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