Chemistry of f-block elements. Lanthanides and their position in the periodic table, lanthanide contraction, oxidation states and color of their ions.Occurrence in nature, extraction from the ores and separation into individual ions.General properties of lanthanides, spectral and magnetic properties. Complex formation, uses and applications of lanthanides. Actinides and their position in the periodic table. Electronic configuration and oxidation states, actinide contraction. Color and absorption spectra of actinide ions, magnetic properties, complex formation. Occurrence and nuclear synthesis of transuranium elements, half life and decay law
Non Aqueous Solvents: Introduction , role of solvent, Classification of solvents, types of reactions in solvents, effect of physical and chemical properties. Study of liquid Ammonia as solvent, SO2 as a solvent, HF as a solvent, H2SO4 and BrF3 as solvent. Reactions in molten salt system
• Estimation of at least two halides by adsorption indicator
• Estimation of sulfates using EDTA
• Estimation of phosphates using EDTA
• Gravimetric estimation of oxalate ions
• Argentometry using Volhard’s method
• Flame Photometry, introduction & demonstration
• Determination of sodium ions & Potassium ions in various samples of tap water
• Determination of Calcium ions in various samples of milk
• Determination of sodium ions in soft drinks
• Determination of sodium and potassium ions in mineral water
The lanthanides include elements from atomic no 58 to 71 and fill their 4f level gradually. Actinides are typical metals and include elements from 89 to 103. These are radioactive elements.
The non aqueous solvents comprise an important group of solvents that are used for the reactions which need to avoid water. Although these are quite helpful for performing few reactions but at the same time also possess limitations due to their physical and chemical properties.
Course Learning Outcomes
1. to make the students aware about the properties and importance of f block elements.
2. to make them understand the applications of f-block elements.
3. to have a concept of the reactions that can be carried out in non aqueous media.
4. to know the limitations of the non-aqueous solvents.
Liq. ammonia as solvent
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
. Some Thermodynamic aspects of Inorganic Chemistry:
Book Title : Chemistry of the Elements
Author : Greenwood, N.N., and Earnshaw, A
Edition : 2nd
Publisher : Pregamon Press, “New York, 1992
Book Title : Advanced Inorganic Chemistry
Author : Cotton, F.A., Wilkinson, G., Murillo, C.A. and Bochmann. M
Edition : 6th
Publisher : Wiley-Intersceince, New York, 1999
Book Title : Inorganic Chemistry, Principles of structure and reactivity
Author : James E. Huheey, Ellen A. Keiter, Richard L. Keiter
Edition : 4th Edition
Publisher : Harper Collins College Publishers