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Course Contents

Comparative study of life form, structure, reproduction and economic significance of: a) Viruses (RNA and DNA types) with special reference to TMV b) Bacteria and Cyanobacteria (Nostoc and Oscillatoria) with specific reference to biofertilizers, pathogenicity and industrialm importance. c) Algae (Spirogyra, Chara, Vaucheria, Pinnularia, Ectocarpus, Batrachospermum d) Fungi (Mucor, Penicillium, Phyllactinia, Puccinia,), their implication on crop production and industrial applications. e) Lichens (Physcia) f) Bryophytes 1. Riccia 2. Anthoceros 3. Funaria 4. Pteridophytes. 1. Psilopsida (Psilotum) 2. Lycopsida (Selaginella) 3. Sphenopsida (Equisetum) 4. Pteropsida (Marsilea) g) Gymnosperms Cycas, Pinus, Practicals 1. Culturing, maintenance, preservation and staining of microorganisms. 2. Study of morphology and reproductive structures of the types mentioned in theory. Identification of various types mentioned from prepared slide sand fresh collections.

Course Synopsis

Plant diversity refers to the variety of plants that exist throughout the world.Plants compete with other plants and organisms to survive in an ecosystem. Over the time, they develop various characteristics to help them survive which lead to plant diversity. plant diversity is important because various spp come to depend on each other; therefore eliminating one species can cause several other species to suffer

Course Learning Outcomes

Learn about the structure, pigmentation, food reserves and methods of reproduction of Algae  Learn about the structure, pigmentation, food reserves and methods of reproduction of Fungi Know about the Economic importance of algae, Fungi and lichen Study of some plant diseases with special reference to the causative agents, symptoms, etiology and control measures. Learn about the general characters and classification by K.R. Sporne, stelar evolution in Pteridophytes, heterospory and origin of seed habit. Know about the structure, life history and Economic importance of Gymnosperms.

General characters of pteridophytes

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Algae, spirogyra, Chara, Vaucheria

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Gymnosperm, Cycas, pinus

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Psilotum, Selaginella

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Bryopsida (funaria)

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Bryophytes, Riccia, anthoceros

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bacteria, cyanobacteria, Nostoc, Oscillatoria

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Pinnularia, Ectocarpus, Batrachospermum

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Book Title : Phycology
Author : Lee, R. E.
Edition : 2nd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press, UK.

Book Title : Plant pathology
Author : Agrios, G.N. 2004
Edition : 8th ed
Publisher : Academic press London

Book Title : Botany for degree students (all volumes)
Author : Vashishta, B.R. 1991
Edition : all editions
Publisher : S. Chand and Company. Ltd. New Delhi.

Book Title : Studies in Paleobotany
Author : Andrew, H. N.
Edition : recent editions
Publisher : John Willey and Sons.

Book Title : Diversity and Evolution of Land Plants
Author : Ingrouille , M. 1992
Edition : recent editions
Publisher : Chapman & Hall

Book Title : An Introduction to Plant Biology
Author : Mauseth, J.D.
Edition : 3rd
Publisher : Jones and Bartlett Pub. UK

Book Title : A Textbook of Botany Paper A Diversity of plants
Author : Tanveer Ahmad Malik
Edition : new pattern revised edition
Publisher : Carvan Book House

Title : Viruses
Type : Presentation

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Title : bacteria
Type : Presentation

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Title : algae
Type : Presentation

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Title : algae 2
Type : Presentation

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Title : fungi
Type : Presentation

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Title : Bryophytes
Type : Presentation

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Title : pteridophytes
Type : Presentation

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