Solid State Chemistry
Intermolecular forces. Symmetry of condensed systems. Properties of solids (electrical, mechanical and optical). Lattice defects, doping for defects. Electron-gas model, heat capacity paradox, electrical conductivity. Band theory of metallic state. Conductors semiconductors and insulators. Controlled valency and hopping phenomena, p & n-type conductivity, p, n-junctions. Solid-state reactions. Developments in superconductivity.
Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
Solid surfaces. Gas solid interface. Thermodynamics of adsorption. Heterogeneous catalysis. Kinetic and mechanisms of catalyzed reactions. Adsorption at liquid surfaces. Enzymatic catalysis. Organized molecular assemblies. Colloidal solutions. Catalyst preparation methods. Industrial catalysts.
Solid state chemistry is also referred as materials chemistry; is the study of the nature, structure, and properties of solid phase materials, particularly, but not necessarily exclusively of, non-molecular solids. This is different from traditional areas of chemistry. Contents of this course include their properties, both amorphous and crystalline solids. Major application of solid material is in electronics so major amphasis of contents is related to conducting properties of material i.e. conductors, intrinsic conductors and insulators. Doping phenomenon explains n type and p type materials.
Aim of this course is to provide knowledge of surface- and colloids. surface and colloidal chemistry is a core subject of physical chemistry. Colloidal systems are composed of small particles dispersed in a medium. Furthermore, the course deals with structure and characteristics of the self-associated amphiphilic molecules, so-called surfactants. Associated colloids and aggregated material has lot of industrial and biological applications.. Self association phenomenon helps to explain many biological processes. Catalysis is another surface involving application especially in industries. This theoretical knowledge could help to explain different phenomena.
Course Learning Outcomes
The student can:
(Solid state chemistry)
• Explain electrical, optical and mechanical properties of solid matter.
• Describe characteristics and history of solids in terms of defects related to their applications
• Explain hopping and superconductivity phenomena in solids.
• Describe, conductors,intrinsic and insulating solids.
• Describe the concept of band theory of metallic solids
• Define and explain surface and interfacial phenomena.
• Describe and explain different types of colloidal systems.
• Describe interactions between colloidal particles and explain colloidal stability and instability.
• Explain properties of associated colloids
• be able to perform physical-chemical quantities.
• Explain catalysis and types of catalysts.
superconductivity and hopping phenomenon
Book Title : Surfactant and Interfacial Phenomena
Author : Rosen, M. J
Edition : 3rd 1989
Publisher : Marcel Dekker Inc., New York
Book Title : Solid State Chemistry and Its Application
Author : Anthony, R. W
Edition : 2004
Publisher : John Wiley and Sons (2004).