HEAT AND TEMPERATURE
APPLICATIONS OF LAWS OF THERMODYAMIC FUNCTIONS
LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS
HEAT AND TEMPERATURE:
Temperature, Kinetic Theory of the Ideal Gas, Review of previous Concepts about Kinetic Theory of Gas, Gas Law, Equation of State of Gas, Pressure of Gas on the basis of Kinetic Theory of Gasses, Work Done on Ideal Gas, Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas, Inter-molecular Forces - Qualitative Discussions and Vander Waal’s Equation of the State of Gas.
Review of Previous Concepts, First Law of Thermodynamics and its Application to Adiabatic, Isothermal, Cyclic and Free Expansion, Reversible and irreversible Processes, Nature of Heat, Heat Capacities, Relation between Heat Capacities of Gas and Equation of State for Adiabatic Process. Second Law of Thermodynamic, Carnot Theorem, Carnot Engine, Heat Engine, Refrigerator, Calculation of Efficiency of Heat Engine, Coefficient of Performance, Thermodynamic Temp. Scale and Absolute Zero.
Entropy, Entropy in reversible and irreversible Processes, Entropy and Second Law, Entropy and Probability, Principal of Increase of Entropy and degradation Energy of Entropy.
APPLICATIONS OF LAWS OF THERMODYAMIC FUNCTIONS:
Thermodynamics function-Internal Energy, Entropy, Enthalpy, Helmholtz and Gibb’s, Maxwell Equation, 1st and 2nd TDS Equations, Energy Equation and their Application, Clauises Clapeyron Equation and Stephan Law of Black Body Radition.
LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS:
Liquefaction of Gasses, Joule Thompson Effect ( Porous Plug Experiment) and its Equations
Thermocouple, Seeback Effect, Peltier’s Effect and Thompson Effect
Course Learning Outcomes
After reading this course the students will know the
1.Difference between heat and temperature
2.Laws of heat and thermodynamics
3.Why is the entropy of universe increasing
4.Applications of liquefied gases and Thermoelectiricity
Microscopic and Macroscopic Approach in Thermodynamics
Thermodynamic System and Surroundings Animation video for GATE IES PSU and KTU
work done on an ideal gas
Iternal energy of ideal gas
Pressure of an Ideal Gas
Kinetic Theory of Gases - Theory of Gases Pressure Calculation
The Gas Laws
Derivations of Applications of First Law of Thermodynamics
First and Second Law of Thermodynamic and Carnot's Cycle
Thermodynamic entropy definition clarification
difference between gibbs free energy and helmholtz energy
TdS Equations - derived from Maxwell's Relations
Clausius Clapeyron Equation Examples and Practice Problems
Liquefaction of gases| Linde's Method || Joule-Thomson Effect ||Critical Temperature ||Gases lec
Porous Plug Experiment- Theory
Thermocouple Working Principle: Seebeck Effect, Peltier Effect, Thomson Effect [Active Transducer]
Book Title : Physics Vol 1
Author : Halliday, Resnick, Krane
Edition : 5th ed.
Publisher : John Willey & Sons