• Major determinants of foreign policy of a state: the factors and conditions that influence foreign policy making.
The major determinants and features of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
The conditioning factors: external (regional and global) and internal
The major features and the changes therein.
Post-Cold War environment and Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
The major factors influencing the relations
The Kashmir problem
The wars and peace arrangements, 1947-48, 1965, 1971.
The changing pattern of relations: 1972 to the present with a focus on the major issues and problems and the efforts to improve the relations.
SAARC and India-Pakistan relations.
Pakistan and the Muslim World
Islam and Foreign Policy; Pakistan’s relations with the Gulf region, Bangladesh, OIC, ECO, Palestinian Problem, Afghanistan and especially Pakistan’s role after Soviet military intervention in that country.
Pakistan and the United States
Pakistan and the People’s Republic of China
Pakistan and Russia/Soviet Union.
Pakistan and the European states/EU
Pakistan’s role in the UN, including support to UN Peace-keeping Operations
This course focuses on main determinants and major features of the foreign policy making in Pakistan. It also highlights the external relations of Pakistan with its neighbours as well as with major powers, discussing such main issues as Kashmir, joining of Western alliance’s etc. Particularly it discusses the foreign policy of Pakistan in the post-1971 period. The foreign policy during the Z.A. Bhutto and General Zia’s period are a special focus of this course. It also highlights the foreign policy options and choices in the post-cold war period.
Course Learning Outcomes
After studying this course, the students will be able to:
Appreciate the dynamics of foreign policy making in Pakistan
Understand the security dilemmas of Pakistan
Comprehend the centrality of Kashmir dispute in Pakistan’s foreign policy
Determinants of Pakistan's Foreign Policy
Fall of soviet union
Z.A.Bhutto and OIC
china. Siachen Conflict: How it started ?
Book Title : Pakistan and the Geostrategic Environment
Author : Hasan Askari Rizvi
Edition : 1993
Publisher : MACMILLAN PRESS LTD Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS and London
Book Title : PAKISTAN’S STRATEGIC CULTURE AND FOREIGN POLICY MAKING: A STUDY OF PAKISTAN’S POST 9/11 AFGHAN POLICY CHANGE
Author : IJAZ KHAN
Edition : 2012
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York
Book Title : The new world order
Author : H.G.Wells
Edition : 2007
Publisher : FQ Classics
Book Title : From Kargil to the Coup Events that shook Pakistan
Author : Nasim Zahra
Edition : 2018
Publisher : Sang-e-meel
Book Title : Limited Conflicts under the Nuclear umbrella
Author : Ashley J.Tellis
Edition : 2001
Publisher : RAND