The Course is the continuation of History of Architecture. In this semester the subject will comprise of American, French & Industrial Revolution, 18th, 19th Century Architectural Periods, Modernism & Post Modernism. The lists of Topics is;
18th - 19th Century Revival Period
American & French Revolution
Rocco & Neo Classicism Architectural Period
19th Century Architects
Modernism & Post Modernism
Early 20th Century
This course explores the history of architecture and architectural theory from industrial period to early 20th century. It approaches architecture as an active agent in the construction and reinforcement of culture. Starting with the revolutionary movement in the slave trade which brought the western and eastern closer and which helped to see the other side of architecture. The purpose of studying the history of architecture while practicing present architecture is to understand how architecture influences society and its culture. How can architecture change the perception of a city or a country? How human needs depend on the technology and advancement in architecture? This course help them to studies the architectural forms, purposes, and most importantly its evolution in relation to art, history and philosophy. Comparing and studying the ancient and contemporary architecture is essential. It allows an architect to consider a buildings or cities as more than a visual phenomenon and therefore the architect would have a more fundamental and culturally inclusive approach to architecture than an approach based purely on architect's own style.
Course Learning Outcomes
• Students will be able to identify the major works of world architecture from approximately 1800 until 2000s and understand the social, historical, and intellectual context of their development.
• The most importantly the geopolitical, chronological, or ideological contexts for these structures and how they are the same as or different from other buildings that responded to similar stimuli in different times or places.
• Students will be able to recognize how architecture shapes and reinforces cultural systems.
• Students will be able to understand the historical development of the profession of architecture and architectural education.
• Students will be able to understand and describe professionally the structural and stylistic features of the architecture studied.
• This course will help to nourish their minds with inspirations of design principles, features and styles. The evolution of various architectural forms of buildings justifies their need. Henceforth, the culture, climate, hierarchy and economic conditions must be explored before discussing architecture of any era.
• Student will understand the reasons for original construction: the beliefs, values, and intentions that motivated the builders, and how those are revealed in as-built plans, form, or decorative details.
• History has echoes of past in future-a reflex from the future on past. (Victor Hugo).
• If you didn’t know History, you didn’t know anything- you were a leaf that didn’t know it was part of a tree. For me there is no greater subject than History. (Prof. Jonson)
The Industrial Revolution and the Industrious Revolution
The Industrial Revolution (18-19th Century)
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution
History of The Industrial Revolution
Chicago School of Architecture and the Birth of Skyscrapers
Book Title : History of Urban Form before the Industrial Revolution
Author : A E J Morris
Edition : 3rd Ed.
Publisher : Routledge