Preliminaries: Real and complex numbers, introduction to sets, set operations, functions, types of functions. Matrices: Introduction to matrices, types of matrices, inverse of matrices, determinants, system of linear equations, Cramer’s rule. Quadratic equations: Solution of quadratic equations, nature of roots of quadratic equations, equations reducible to quadratic equations. Sequence and Series: Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions. Permutation and combinations: Introduction to permutation and combinations. Binomial Theorem: Introduction to binomial theorem. Trigonometry: Fundamentals of trigonometry, trigonometric identities. Graphs: Graph of straight line, circle and trigonometric functions.

To give the basic knowledge of Mathematics to the students not majoring in mathematics (Disciplines of Social Sciences and Humanities). After completion of this course the student will be able to apply the basic concepts and the techniques of mathematics in their respective disciplines.

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Book Title : Algebra and Trigonometry (First Year)

Author : Professor Shamshad Muhammad Lodhi, Professor Muhammad Shareef Ghouri, Professor Sanaullah Bhatti, Pr

Edition : 1st

Publisher : Punjab Text Board

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